Java micro-library for writing & testing concurrent code

Timeoutable Completion Service

The TimeoutableCompletionService interface describes a service similar to a java.util.concurrent.CompletionService except that it will timeout after a specified duration if all results haven't yet been retrieved.

The default implementation, DefaultTimeoutableCompletionService, delegates to an underlying CompletionService but will stop waiting for submitted tasks to complete after a given timeout.

If the timeout expires before all tasks have been completed, the DefaultTimeoutableCompletionService will throw a TimeoutException. The exception thrown will also contain the results from any tasks that did manage to complete before the timeout. If all the submitted tasks complete before the timeout expires, the results are returned from the submit method and no exceptions are thrown.

In the example below, we'd like to create a status monitoring application that will output the status of a set of probes to a web page. However, the web page must be loaded within a few seconds regardless of whether all the probes have returned their results. The completion service can be used to execute individual status probe tasks in parallel, timing out after some duration.

private DefaultTimeoutableCompletionService completionService = new DefaultTimeoutableCompletionService(new ExecutorCompletionService(...));

public void probe() {
    try {
        List<Callable<Result>> probes = factory.create();
        List<Result> results = completionService.submit(probes);
    } catch (TimeoutExceptionWithFutures e) {
    } catch (ExecutionException e) {
        throw new RuntimeException(e);

Here, the list of tasks to run in parallel is created by some factory class and assigned to the probes variable. These are just a list of Callable objects which will be executed by the underlying Executor, in our case, they'll look up the status of some probe and return a Result object.

The DefaultTimeoutableCompletionService is then used to schedule execution of the tasks with the submit method. At this point, the code will block and wait for all results to be returned or for the TimeoutExceptionWithFutures to be thrown. In the case of all tasks completing within the timeout, the results are just outputted using the write method.

For the case where the completion service timed out, a TimeoutException is thrown which includes any completed results. The write method in this case can just extract the partial set of results from the exception.

The default timeout for the service is thirty seconds but this can be changed using an alternative constructor.

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